ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM
What is an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)? It is a balloon-like bulge in a major blood vessel, the aorta. The bulge forms at a weak spot in the vessel wall. An abdominal aortic aneurysm is dangerous because it can rupture. This is serious and can be fatal, but now that you know you have an abdominal aortic aneurysm, steps can be taken to treat the problem and prevent rupture.
CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE
Your carotid arteries carry blood to the brain. Plaque can build up inside these arteries, affecting blood flow, which can lead to a stroke. Your doctor is recommending testing and treatment to reduce the risk of a stroke.
The kidneys remove waste from the blood. When they fail, they can no longer do this important job. Hemodialysis does this job for you, keeping the blood clean. Before dialysis can be done, an access is needed, which is usually placed in the arm.
LAPAROSCOPIC GALLBLADDER SURGERY
Gallbladder disease is a very common problem. Most often, symptoms are caused by gallstones in the gallbladder. To treat this, you will likely need to have your gallbladder surgically removed, which eliminates pain and future attacks.